Innovations in Comfort, Efficiency, and Safety Solutions.
Paul Ehrlich & Ira Goldschmidt
Face it, when we talk about a Building Automation System (BAS), we typically mean HVAC controls. Providing good control of HVAC has a dramatic impact on the comfort and energy efficiency of a building. However by only controlling HVAC we are not addressing the other major energy loads in the building, which include both lighting and plug loads. In fact lighting is typically the second largest energy consuming system in most buildings. Lighting systems also share common characteristics with HVAC systems including the need to be scheduled to match building occupancy, common operations staff, and the ability to connect to future systems including Smart Grid.
Most BAS systems have little interaction with
lighting control, and when they do it is often fairly rudimentary such as
switching exterior lights or large zones of lighting within a building. There
are many good reasons why a BAS has not typically included more sophisticated or
integrated lighting control. This includes a perceived lack of need (and
budget), and the technical challenges with lighting controls and protocols. But
the real reason has more to do with the division of design disciplines and
construction trades. Lighting systems, and therefore their controls, are the
responsibility of the electrical engineer and contractor, while HVAC falls to
the mechanical engineer and contractor. Therefore the design of an integrated
lighting and HVAC control system requires considerably more
mechanical/electrical coordination beyond what is traditionally performed.
The movement toward the delivery of high performance buildings, however, is likely to cause this to change. Providing an efficient building requires good lighting control that includes coordinated scheduling, occupancy sensing, and daylight harvesting. These strategies are quickly becoming requirements in programs such as LEED and are an expectation in many state energy codes. This is driving the need to design and deliver more sophisticated lighting control systems. It is not an unreasonable stretch to go from these more sophisticated systems to one that allows for integration between HVAC and lighting. There are several benefits that come from integrating BAS and lighting. These include:
• Improved energy efficiency due to coordinated scheduling, occupancy control, and light level optimization.
• Common user interface allows for improved productivity for the operations staff and allows them to more readily respond to occupant’s requests.
• Information from lighting and HVAC can be used to analyze energy usage and to achieve necessary measurement and verification for benchmarking and programs such as LEED.
• The ability to control both lighting and HVAC allows for real time control options as utilities deploy smart grid.
The introduction of new products to the market, coupled with new code requirements makes this a good time for the controls designer to start learning more about integrated lighting control and looking at it as an option for the next new construction or retrofit project. Doing so isn’t without its challenges, however we believe that the benefits make this worthwhile.
PS: Integrated lighting control will be one of the main topics at the Engineered Systems Sustainable Solutions Conference this June and is a great opportunity to see new products and learn more.
About the Authors
Paul and Ira first worked together on a series of ASHRAE projects including the BACnet committee and Guideline 13 – Specifying DDC Controls. The formation of Building Intelligence Group provided them the ability to work together professionally providing assistance to owners with the planning, design and development of Intelligent Building Systems. Building Intelligence Group provides services for clients worldwide including leading Universities, Corporations, and Developers. More information can be found at www.buildingintelligencegroup.com We also invite you to contact us directly at Paul@buildingintelligencegroup.com or email@example.com
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